Wednesday, August 05, 2009

The New York Times, DTC, and Me

Several members of Congress are seeking restrictions on Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) pharmaceutical advertising (see "Just Say No to Drug Ads, Say Some Lawmakers").

Representative Henry Waxman (Democrat) wants to give FDA the power to "bar consumer advertisements for newly approved drugs until they have proved safe in real-world use," according to the New York Times. "Another Democrat, James P. Moran of Virginia is sponsoring a House bill that would ban ads for prescription sexual aids like Viagra and Levitra from prime-time television, on decency grounds."

In the past, even some prominent Republications expressed strong opinions against DTC ads (see, for example, "Deconstructing Frist on DTC").

The New York Times is joining in the "debate" over DTC advertising. In the past week, I have been quoted twice on the topic in the Times:
  1. In the New York Times Sunday Magazine article "Eyelash of the Beholder"
  2. In the New York Times Room for Debate OpEd Blog ("Should Prescription Drug Ads Be Reined In?")
In both cases, I argue that DTC ads--especially TV ads--play up the benefits while de-emphasizing the risks. This practice is especially unacceptable for drugs with limited health benefits such as Latisse and certain sleep aids.

For the record, I'd like to reproduce my contributions to these articles and add back a few things that were edited out or give you links to more details.

Here's how I was quoted in the "Eyelash of the Beholder" story:
John Mack, who publishes the e-newsletter Pharma Marketing News, notes that some critics of contemporary medicine complain of disease mongering -- the conversion of what used to be routine dissatisfactions of life into medical conditions, often treatable with drugs. But he agrees that Latisse, like Botox, makes no pretense of addressing a medical condition, just a cosmetic one. What he wonders about are consumers who hear “F.D.A. approved” as meaning “completely safe.” The ad mentions potential side effects like itching and redness and that if Latisse comes into regular contact with the eye there is “potential for increased brown iris pigmentation, which is likely permanent.” The latter had Mack somewhat jokingly fretting on his blog about whether Shields’s baby blues might turn brown. His real point: “Many people don’t read the side effects.”
Too bad the columnist, Rob Walker, couldn't use the title of my blog post, which got him interested in quoting me. That post was titled "Will Latisse Turn Brooke Shields' Blue Eyes Brown?" I hope you'll read it to get my complete views on that particular DTC campaign.

In the Room for Debate OpEd piece, I was allowed up to 400 words that were edited as follows:
The topic of direct-to-consumer advertising is a never-ending source of fodder for me, as well as other bloggers. I'm especially fond of those silly ads that feature dead presidents, beavers and bees. Very entertaining indeed, but are they educational? Not on your life!

Supporters of this type of advertising often cite the educational benefit it provides to potential patients. Indeed, a speaker at a recent industry conference raised the ante on the educational merit of these ads by suggesting that we “look abroad,” where there are no such ads, and “measure the health literacy to see the potential impact.”

I took the challenge, did some research and found a report that compared health literacy in the U.S. and in Canada. Canadians scored significantly higher than Americans.

Does this destroy the educational argument in support of direct-to-consumer advertising? Not necessarily. There is a difference between health literacy and being "educated" about a drug.

As for doing harm to consumers, I only need to quote the F.D.A.’s recently released "Draft Guidance on Presenting Risk Information in Prescription Drug and Medical Device Promotion," which states:
Consumers have preconceived ideas about the amount of scrutiny these ads undergo. Many believe F.D.A. exercises tight regulatory control over the content of these ads and to some extent, believe that all ads have been prereviewed prior to airing. As a result, consumers are likely to expect that the most relevant risks have been included in the ad.
I am not against prescription drug advertising, but it’s hard to defend it when the industry pushes the envelope by overstating benefits and playing down the risks. That has got to stop.
The Times did a good job editing and made me look smarter and less "snarky." But the edit did leave out the details of the study that compared health literacy in the US and Canada. You can find the details in the post "Health Literacy Worse Where There is DTC Advertising than Where There is No DTC!"

If you want to learn more about the FDA views on risk communication in DTC ads, see "Communicating Risk in Online Drug Ads: Reading the Tea Leaves in Recent FDA Draft Guidance."

What the NYT OpEd editor cut out of my piece was the following closing: "But, please, please, do not get rid of the bees, moths, and re-animated presidents. Without them, blogging about pharmaceutical marketing would be too boring!"

Was that too snarky?

4 comments:

  1. Great article, always interesting to hear different perspectives on DTC Advertising. I don't believe DTC advertising should be banned.I do agree with you John, that the ads need to be educational.

    What I think some of the lawmakers fail to remember is that DTC advertising doesn't work, unless physicians prescribe the product. It seems to me, that lawmakers believe today's physicians are being bullied into writing prescriptions for fake diseases and/or that their patients don't need all of because of a 60 second ad on TV. That's a bold statement (not that one lawmaker has actually said) and one that I think REALLY undermines the entire medical profession.


    How can they think of banning drug ads, but still allow advertising for cigarettes. MANY more people have died from smoking, then from any drug being advertised on TV.

    ReplyDelete
  2. They did remove cigarette ads from TV though. It probably would not be such a bad idea to do the same with Rx drugs. That would free up a lot more budget for Internet and print advertising. Of course, those with a vested interest in broadcast advertising would not like that and I wouldn't want to see people lose their jobs because of a ban on TV drug ads. Perhaps a delay in TV ads for one year post launch may be be a good compromise.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Robyn Clothier6:11 PM

    Nicole, you said "...today's physicians are being bullied into writing prescriptions for fake diseases and/or that their patients don't need all of because of a 60 second ad on TV"

    Bullying is unlikely to be how DTCA works, but the evidence shows that it does. This is from a systematic review of evaluations of DTCA by Gilbody et al in 2005 (free full text at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1744049&blobtype=pdf):
    "Direct to consumer advertising is associated with increased prescription of advertised products and there is substantial impact on patients' request for specific drugs and physicians' confidence in prescribing. No additional benefits in terms of health outcomes were demonstrated."

    ReplyDelete
  4. Anonymous8:28 PM

    I agree with Robin. Of course these advertisements work (result in increased drug sales). Long ago as a kid I asked my father why people advertise the craziest products; stuff you would never think people would buy. His comment, "Because it works." I've never forgotten that.

    ReplyDelete